Location: Barcelona (Montjuïc)
Architect: Josep Puig i Cadafalch
The Casaramona Factory is one of the most magnificent examples of Catalan Industrial Art Nouveau. It was projected by the architect Puig i Cadafalch and commissioned by Casimir Casaramona, owner of textile businesses, to substitute the old one destroyed in a fire. The factory was finished in 1911 and the Municipality awarded the building as the better of the year in 1912.
The building was designed, as it is common in industrial premises, to simplify horizontal movement, and this horizontality is only broken by two towers, which served as water reservoirs to protect the factory against fire.
The factory was completely built in brick following the Catalan tradition. The ornamentation is very limited but the brick shapes the factory. The roofs and the succinct iron forged structures attain an original embellishment. Opened in 1913, the same year of the death of its owner, the factory was closed in 1920. Later it was used as Police barracks and in 1976 it was declared Historic National Monument.
In 1963 "La Caixa" savings Bank bought the factory to build a big cultural complex with large Exhibition halls, Arts Laboratory and Home of his Contemporary Art Collections. At present the building is completely reformed and adapted, but respecting its traditional appearance.